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The Super Saiyan state, achievable with a high enough quantity of S-Cells

S-Cells (Sエス細胞 Esu Saibō) are microscopic cells found in most Saiyans.


The number of S-Cells depends on the spirit of the Saiyan in question: the gentler the spirit, the greater the number of S-Cells; alternatively, when a Saiyan increases their battle power, it can also increase the number of S-Cells in their body. S-Cells are essential to becoming a Super Saiyan and allows a Saiyan with a certain amount of them to transform by feeling intense levels of anger or sadness. Alternatively, by focusing their power into a tingling sensation in their upper-back (directly below their neck) the Saiyan in question can trigger the transformation into a Super Saiyan without the need for emotional stress.[1][2]

""A pure heart," you say.... No wonder Vegeta couldn't pull it off.... No matter how mad he got...."
Frieza believing the misconception after hearing Super Saiyan Goku's speech regarding his newfound transformation in "The Tables Turn"

The lack of understanding the role S-Cells play in the Super Saiyan transformation has given rise to the misconception that a Saiyan must be "pure of heart", something that Frieza, Tien Shinhan, and Vegeta assumed to be true.[3]

Gentle Saiyans having more S-Cells explains why Super Saiyans were rare for a long time in Universe 7, as following the genocide of the good Saiyans, the Saiyans who remained lived in a violent society that valued aggression and ruthlessness.


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