Immortality (不死 Fushi), also called Eternal Life (永遠の命 Eien no Inochi), is the concept of living in physical or spiritual form for an infinite length of time without dying. A subset of this is Eternal Youth (永遠の若さ Eien no Wakasa), which allows for exemption from natural death such as from old age or disease, as well as halting age altogether.
In the manga, those who are immortal are also immune to the effects of Hakai. There are several outside methods in the series which can be sought after in order to become immortal, the most common being to make such a wish to the Eternal Dragons, Shenron or Porunga, using the seven Dragon Balls.
Methods of gaining Immortality
- Collecting the seven Dragon Balls (or, alternatively, the Namekian Dragon Balls, Super Dragon Balls, or Black Star Dragon Balls) and having a wish for immortality granted by an Eternal Dragon.
- Wishing for Eternal Youth, which halts aging and thus leaves them unable to die of natural causes. However, they can still be killed during battle, with suicide, and/or being caught in a lethal event.
- Drinking the elixir produced by the Fountain of Youth not only gives a person eternal youth, but also makes them unable to be killed even by someone much stronger than they are, as Turtle said even King Piccolo wouldn't be able to kill Master Roshi if he drank from it.
- Having Roshi's pet, the Immortal Phoenix, bestow immortality. This method is rendered unavailable sometime before the beginning of Dragon Ball, due to the irony that the Immortal Phoenix died from being fed "tainted bird seed".
- The grueling process of converting a human into a cyborg entails giving them freedom from a death by natural causes.
- Eating Paradise Herb obtained from the Forest of Terror allows the consumer to gain many additional years of life. Roshi uses this method to retain his eternal life.
- Draining the lifeforce of a planet and its inhabitants to increase a person's lifespan.
- Dying and somehow finding a way to return to the land of the living as a Ghost, such as being hired by Fortuneteller Baba like the Ghost Usher or escaping from Hell like Dr. Mashirito.
- If a person who already has Eternal Youth somehow manages to absorb a tremendous amount of space-time (such as by using a Chaos Ball which they can obtain via a wish from Dark Shenron or presumably Super Shenron), they gain infinite regeneration and become completely immortal.
Characters who are Immortal
- Eternal Life
- Master Roshi: Master Roshi possesses eternal life, though he can still die of unnatural circumstances. In the anime, he lives via constantly eating the Paradise Herb. It does not eliminate death via unnatural causes, however, and he must eat it every 1000 years to maintain his eternal life.
- Red Ribbon Androids: While not completely immortal, it is explained by Dr. Gero shortly after activating Android 17 and Android 18 that the process of configuring humans into cyborgs essentially grants them "eternal life". This only applies to aging and death by natural causes, as while their energy never drains, they are still capable of being killed in battle, as shown with Future Trunks destroying the future androids in his timeline, Super Buu turning Android 18 into chocolate along with Marron, and eating them, and then lastly, Android 17, though off-screen, who was either killed by Super Buu's Human Extinction Attack or when Kid Buu blows up the Earth with his Planet Burst.
- King Piccolo: King Piccolo gained eternal youth, after wishing it from the Dragon Balls. This made him immune to aging, allowing him to stay in his physical prime for eternity, however, he could die or be killed by unnatural causes, such as being obliterated or pierced through the chest.
- Piccolo: Piccolo inherited his late father's eternal youth, giving him ageless immortality after reaching his physical prime. This was demonstrated in Dragon Ball Online, where he is still alive and looking physically young. Like his father, however, he can still die from unnatural causes, as demonstrated by his sacrifices against Nappa and Frieza, both times to save Gohan.
- Lord Slug/Xeno Lord Slug: Slug wished for "eternal youth in his prime" from the Dragon Balls. This made him return to his physical prime, and he became an ageless immortal. However, he could still be killed, such as being obliterated.
- Moro: Moro can endlessly extend his life by absorbing the lifespan of others, though he can still die of unnatural causes or from being cut off from being able to drain energy.
- Partial Immortality
- Cell: Cell states that he will live forever as long as he isn't completely annihilated.
- Majin Buu: After Garlic Jr. and Future Zamasu, Majin Buu is the closest to being completely immortal as he is not only immune to aging and disease, but his body is almost indestructible. The only way to kill Majin Buu is to use an incredibly powerful force to completely destroy his body with not even a trace left behind - as he can regenerate from even the smallest particles - such as the Super Spirit Bomb.
- Android 21 (Evil): The evil Android 21 has regenerative abilities on the same level as Buu.
- Fused Zamasu: In the anime, as Goku Black's body is that of a mortal the fusion's body was thrown into chaos and as such Fused Zamasu's body wasn't fully immortal, had an extreme tolerance to pain, and was able to regenerate. His soul was completely immortal though, surviving the destruction of his body to become Infinite Zamasu.
- All Ghosts are this, as they cannot die or be killed by conventional means, but unlike true immortals, they can still be destroyed by Hakai, as demonstrated by Beerus using Hakai to destroy the ghostly Dr. Mashirto.
- Meta Coolers: The Meta Coolers are immune to aging as robots, and they each come with self repair abilities so that they can rapidly reconstruct themselves from injury. In addition, following each repair, their armor is upgraded to make them harder to damage. Even if they are fully destroyed before their reconstruction can take effect, there is a mass produced army of them, and the Big Gete Star can create more of them. Only by destroying the core of the Big Gete Star can they be permanently defeated.
- Crimson-Masked Saiyan: As long as he can take in the life energy from the Pseudo Universe's fake mortals, Crimson is immortal - giving him the ability to regenerate; however, he cannot regenerate from attacks from a warrior on the level of Super Saiyan God SS Evolved Gogeta.
- Full Immortality
- Garlic Jr.: In the film Dragon Ball Z: Dead Zone, Garlic Jr. is successful in his campaign to wish for eternal life from Shenron. As such, he is abnormally defeated not by being slain but by being victimized by his own ploy, the Dead Zone, wherein he is trapped for several years until his escape in the filler Garlic Jr. Saga of Dragon Ball Z.
- Janemba: Janemba is evil incarnate, and as such cannot truly die as long as evil energy exists.
- Future Zamasu: Future Zamasu wished for immortality using the Super Dragon Balls.
- Fused Zamasu: In the manga, as the fusion of Future Zamasu and his alternate self Goku Black, Fused Zamasu inherited this immortality. In the Dragon Ball Heroes manga Fused Zamasu implies that his immortality allowed him to survive Future Zeno's Erase, in the anime and video game, however, Fused Zamasu is destroyed by Perfect Hearts' Gravity Cage.
- Mechikabura: Seeking eternal youth Mechikabura and the Dark Empire brainwash Xeno Dende and have him created the Dark Dragon Balls which scatter across time and space: corrupting various villains. Eventually, the Dark Empire collects all seven and summon Dark Shenron who grants Mechikabura's wish for eternal youth. After achieving Time Power Unleashed Mechikabura gained full immortality.
- Mercenary Tao: It is not revealed how, but he may have gained an extended lifespan in some way, as he lived to be over 300 years old and looks to be in his prime. However, he and his brother Shen got mixed up in something and died as a result of the event.
- Fortuneteller Baba: It is not revealed how, but she may have gained an extended lifespan in some way, as she is over 500 years old.
- Master Shen: It is not revealed how, but he may have gained an extended lifespan in some way, as he lived to be as old as Roshi. However, he and his brother Tao got mixed up in something and died as a result of the event.
- Darkness: The mysterious entity which guards the Ultra Divine Water in the Cave of Darkness. Darkness tells Goku that the two of them could live together forever while fooling him with illusions, suggesting that he is immortal.
- Mr. Popo: Mr. Popo is the eternal caretaker and gardener of Kami's Lookout, having long outlived all of Earth's Guardians, seemingly being ageless and unable to die of natural causes like aging or disease; however, he can die of unnatural causes, like Buu's magic Transfiguration Beam, or complete disintegration.
- Zeno/Future Zeno: It is heavily implied in both anime and manga that Zeno/Future Zeno are completely immortal. Shin stated that Zeno is completely unkillable (and he did survive the destruction of an entire multiverse) and has been ruling the multiverse since possibly millions of years. (According to the Grand Minister, the Tournament of Power begins on the "3,135,500,603rd day of the Era of Our King".) However, Perfect Hearts believed that he and Gogeta had the power to destroy Zeno.
- Angels: During the Galactic Patrol Prisoner Saga, it is revealed that Angels can only be killed if they violate Angel law which results in their eradication indicating they are immortal as long as they do not violate said laws. Merus almost suffered eradication when he planned to confront Moro after training with Goku, but his brother Whis intervened forcing him to leave the Galactic Patrol which spared him from being eradicated.
Characters who have pursued Immortality
- King Piccolo: Wished for Eternal Youth to regain his physical prime. Was ultimately killed by Goku via the latter plowing through his chest though he reincarnated himself into his final son Piccolo Jr. who inherited his father's Eternal Youth which caused him to stop aging once he reached his physical prime in only four years, though neither King Piccolo or Piccolo himself showed an interest in acquiring complete immortality.
- Vegeta: The proud Saiyan warrior seeks the Dragon Balls of Earth, where he is encountered and defeated by Goku. After recovering, Vegeta searches Namek for the Dragon Balls of that planet, which he is successful in stealing from Frieza (with the exception of one he locates himself). He loses the artifacts to the Ginyu Force, before coming to gain possession of them once again with the arrival of Goku. He nearly loses the opportunity to become immortal when Krillin, Gohan and Dende summon the Eternal Dragon of Namek, Porunga, in his absence, but he realizes with enough time to track the group down and force Dende to make the wish (as Porunga requires his summoner to speak in Namek dialect when making a request). The wish ultimately fails however, when Grand Elder Guru dies, thus killing the Eternal Dragon and crippling Vegeta's conquest for immortality. After being resurrected, he gave up on immortality despite the Earth's Dragon Balls being revived and having easy access to Bulma's Dragon Radar. In Dragon Ball FighterZ, he can acquire it in battle after collecting the Dragon Ball and selecting it with it lasting for the remainder of the battle though ironically he actually expresses his disinterest in it.
- Gogeta: In his ending in Dragon Ball Z: Shin Budokai, Gogeta considers wishing for immortality but eventually decides that a lot of delicious food would be better. It is likely that his wanting for immortality is due to Vegeta's influence inside him, and his wanting for delicious food comes from Goku.
- Nappa: A Saiyan who travels to Earth with Vegeta to seek out the Dragon Balls. Their plan ultimately fails when Goku arrives and pummels Nappa, who ends up being betrayed and killed by Vegeta. In FighterZ, he can acquire it in battle after collecting the Dragon Balls and selecting it with it lasting for the remainder of the battle.
- Frieza: The self-proclaimed "Lord of The Universe" seeks the Dragon Balls in an effort to solidify his terrifying influence by gaining true immortality. Frieza becomes increasingly desperate to fulfill this desire as more threats to his campaign begin to surface on Namek, such as Vegeta, the Earthlings Krillin and Gohan, a Namek victim's curious last words that Frieza could never make a wish even with the Dragon Balls gathered, and finally the arrival of Goku. Ultimately, Frieza loses his opportunity to wish for immortality to Vegeta, who in turn also fails to have this request granted when Porunga, the Eternal Dragon of Namek, prematurely dies. After Porunga is revived, Frieza makes a desperate attempt to wish for immortality, but it is rejected due to him not knowing he has to speak the wish in the Namekian language. Dende seizes this opportunity to wish for all living beings on Namek except for Goku and Frieza to be transported to Earth. After being resurrected by Sorbet, Frieza seemingly lost interest in immortality, as he went onto training himself to defeat Goku instead of seeking for the Dragon Balls again. Frieza does gain immortality in several video game what-if scenarios, such as "The True Ruler" in Dragon Ball Z: Budokai and his story in Dragon Ball Z: Supersonic Warriors. When he gains immortality in the Another Age scenario "Spirit Bomb" in Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Z, Frieza also gains the ability to create non-immortal clones of his forms and becomes completely invulnerable to everything but the Super Ultra Spirit Bomb. In Dragon Ball Super: Broly, Frieza reveals to Berryblue and Kikono that he has given up on seeking immortality due to the time he spent in Earth's Hell making him realize the folly of living forever. However Vegeta mistakenly assumes Frieza still desires immortality which is why he and Goku tried to stop him when Frieza actually planned to increase his True Form's height by 5cm leading to their conflict with Frieza's new Saiyan recruit Broly.
- Vodka: An Earthling mob leader employing Mercenary Tao during the Cell Games Saga, who desires immortality so that he may escape Cell's path of destruction.
- Zamasu: In his plan to assume "justice" to the universes, Zamasu was going to wish for immortality as well as to switch bodies with Goku right after killing his master. However, his dream never came, as he was annihilated by Beerus. His alternate counterpart however had successfully achieved it. Despite succeeding in stealing Goku's body Goku Black rejected the idea of obtaining immortality when his counterpart suggested it though in the manga he acquired it as a result of Fused Zamasu's faulty de-fusion caused by their fusion's immortality and them being counterparts as Fused Zamasu has complete immortality in the manga while he is semi-immortal in the anime as he is a mortal fused with an immortal. In FighterZ, Goku Black can acquire it in battle after collecting the Dragon Ball and selecting it with it lasting for the remainder of the battle.
- Majin Ozotto: Attempted to wish for immortality in the Prison Planet Saga of the manga, but was stopped by Oolong.
- Zarbon: Wished for Eternal Youth in the what-if saga Beautiful Treachery in order to suppress his beast form. However, as Frieza pointed out, it was a wasted wish since such a wish won't protect him from being killed, which rang true when Planet Namek was destroyed before Zarbon could escape it.
- Cooler: In Piccolo's scenario in Dragon Ball Z: Supersonic Warriors 2, Cooler and his armored squadron go to New Namek in order to gather the Namekian Dragon Balls so that Cooler can be immortal. They are stopped and defeated by Gohan and Piccolo.
- Future Babidi: In Dragon Ball Z: Shin Budokai - Another Road, Future Babidi planned to have eternal life as one of his wishes with the Namekian Dragon Balls. He is eventually absorbed by Buu and never gets his wishes.
- Turles: In Dragon Ball Xenoverse 2, Turles attempts to use the Namekian Dragon Balls to obtain immortality, however his cohort Lord Slug interferes as he desires the same wish. Turles hoped to gain immortality in order to defeat Goku and eventually become stronger than Frieza and Mira using the Fruit of the Tree of Might. Both he and Slug after forced to call a truce when the Future Warrior shows up to help Gohan and Krillin reclaim the Dragon Balls. He is later killed alongside Lord Slug by a combined attack from Future Trunks and the Future Warrior.
- Lord Slug: In Dragon Ball Xenoverse 2 like his cohort Turles, Lord Slug desired to use Namekian Dragon Balls to obtain immortality. He and Turles are forced to call a truce when the Future Warrior shows up and is later killed alongside Turles by a combined attack from Future Trunks and the Future Warrior. Lord Slug mentions wishing for Eternal Youth was a mistake while training the Future Warrior and believes he should have wished for complete immortality. As he is a Namekian who potentially knows the Namekian language, Lord Slug is possibly one of the only people capable of actually using the Namekian Dragon Balls to obtain immortality as Porunga only grants wishes spoken in the Namekian language. On a related note, he also pursued Eternal Youth in Dragon Ball Z: Lord Slug and retains it during the events of Xenoverse 2 which is referenced by his Super Soul "I got back my youth and vigor!".
- Pilaf Gang: In Dragon Ball Super, the Pilaf Gang planned to use the Dragon Balls to grant them eternal youth, but due to Pilaf's messing up the wish they where age regressed into infants forcing them to grow up all over again. This occurs in both the main and future timelines.
Even if one is immortal they are still susceptible to being trapped in a place where they cannot escape, be it a different time era, dimension, etc. They are also susceptible when fusing with a mortal being due to merging in a cellular level with said being. This could result in major problems, varying in each person, due to merging their cells with mortal cells. This would either overwrite the fused body's DNA, or treat the merged cell as a one single cell, both resulting in catastrophic mutations. In Dragon Ball Super, it appears that they're also susceptible to being erased from existence by Zeno, while in Dragon Ball Heroes this appears to be untrue, as Fused Zamasu is implied to have regenerated from Future Zeno erasing him. It is also possible the Angels may be capable to do the same as well. In the case of gaining eternal youth, they also are still susceptible to the unnatural taking of life such as murder or suicide. There are examples of these drawbacks such as:
- The Hyperbolic Time Chamber, with the exit being destroyed. This was almost possible to trap Super Buu, but he was able to escape with his Vice Shout.
- The Dead Zone, which Garlic Jr. had been sealed in himself by means of Gohan's overwhelming power. He was able to escape the first time due to the Makyo star granting him a burst of power, but once Gohan destroyed the star, Garlic was trapped again with no chance of escape for all of eternity.
- An object that has been marked with a sealing ofuda, and in proper conjunction with the Evil Containment Wave. Piccolo had advised this to Goku after his second battle with Future Zamasu.
- When Goku Black and Future Zamasu fused, both in the anime and the manga, there was an additional flaw with their fusion. In the anime, it was that Black was mortal while Future Zamasu wasn't. This caused their fusion to fall apart, mutating him into a deformed being as well as making his body able to die. This was because of the regeneration process being much slower, due to the Future Zamasu's immortal cells being overwritten by Goku Black's mortal cells, as in Potara Fusion, the stronger being is more dominant. This affected Fused Zamasu both physically and psychologically.
- In the manga, the flaw was that due to the immortality inherited from their fusion, the body's cells merged in a cellular level, thus their immortality considered the fused body as one being and due to that flaw, could not defuse. As seen in Fused Zamasu's case, he began mutating into an amalgam of his fusees Goku Black and Future Zamasu once his time fused was up, and his regeneration tried to repair the fused body as one. This was due to the cells in Future Zamasu remaining intact in the fusion process in the manga. However, once defused, Fused Zamasu's immortality treated this as cellular damage, so it tried to repair their cells back to the way it was, which was why Black and Zamasu were still half-merged.
- In both the anime and manga, this ultimately lead to their defeat against Future Trunks, who had gained enough energy to nullify the fusion's immortality, although Zamasu himself managed to survive in a non-corporeal form/evolved state and proceeded to remake everything in existence to be in his own image, thus forcing Future Zeno, to destroy all of existence within that timeline in order to stop him.
- In Dragon Ball Super, it appears even being made immortal via the Super Dragon Balls does not render them immune to Zeno's Erase ability. This was demonstrated in the anime when Infinite Zamasu, as noted above, was erased by Future Zeno. This was also implied in the manga by Future Zamasu's concern about what would happen if Future Zeno found out about their Zero Mortals Plan, and later confirmed, where Infinite Zamasu, the evolved state of Fused Zamasu, was outright erased by Future Zeno. However, in Dragon Ball Heroes Fused Zamasu is shown alive, with him implying in the manga that his immortality is what allowed him to survive his erasure. Perfect Hearts is also strong enough to kill an immortal using his Erase / Gravity Cage which he utilizes to kill Fused Zamasu after his plans to betray the Core Area Warriors are revealed. A counterpart of Goku Black is later shown to be alive once more, since Fru contacted and informed him about his future and defeat.
- After being made immortal, a person can still feel pain. Garlic Jr. was clearly hurt by attacks even if they could not kill him. Strangely, in the anime Future Zamasu appeared to be resistant or immune to pain, as he showed no discomfort after being stabbed with Future Trunks' sword, even saying "it doesn't hurt." Future Zamasu also allowed Goku Black to attack Goku by stabbing through Future Zamasu to get to him, which also didn't appear to affect him.
- Rags' Glassification can permanently turn an immortal being into glass, as she did to Fused Zamasu in the manga, with the unfortunate immortal still retaining his consciousness while trapped in this state.
It should also be noted that immortality from death can make a person extremely overconfident due to no longer having to fear death and believe that they can overcome any mortal enemy as they cannot be killed, even if said enemy is stronger than them, as shown by both Garlic Jr. and Future Zamasu. In the case with Garlic Jr. his overconfidence caused him to use the Dead Zone twice against his enemies in an attempt to defeat them only for him to be defeated by Gohan both times and sealed in the very Dead Zone he created. While Future Zamasu was more cautious with dealing with potential threats to his and Goku Black's Zero Mortals Plan even with his immortality, he was still overconfident thanks to his immortality at least until he was almost sealed away by the Evil Containment Wave, which caused him to resort to Potara Fusion with Goku Black to defeat his enemies, however in the anime this would prove to be their undoing as the fusion was unstable due to Goku Black being mortal, allowing Fused Zamasu's body to be killed by Future Trunks and his immortal essence was erased by Future Zeno.
Frieza himself would later decide against seeking eternal life following his second revival as his time in hell made him realize the folly of living forever and decided to focus on fulfilling his desire to be taller in his True and Golden forms due to being sensitive about his height. Others such as Piccolo and Kami have also noted that seeking immortality is a unwise as the inability to die can be a curse instead of a blessing as life itself could become their only living Hell. Goku also notes acquiring it is pointless if the person who acquires it lacks strength as they would be unable to defeat a stronger opponent who could easily defeat them (afterwards they could seal, imprison, or incapacitate them in some form). Goku Black later expressed a similar sentiment to that of Goku when Future Zamasu suggested making him immortal.
It is hypothesized by some that an immortal would be unable to regenerate from complete physical annihilation, as in the manga Vegito believes that his Final Kamehameha might possess enough power to accomplish this against Fused Zamasu, while in the anime Fused Zamasu was not able to regenerate his body after it was obliterated by the Sword of Hope and so he took on an incorporeal form. Daizenshuu 2 states that Majin Buu has an immortal body, it is shown however that he can be killed when he is obliterated by Goku's Super Spirit Bomb. In a what-if scenario in Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Z, the Spirit Bomb is also capable of killing the immortal Frieza.
- While in Hell, Frieza and Cell appear to be immortal as they are immune to any and all harm, coming back every time they are defeated, however this is due to the fact that they are already dead and lack true living bodies.
- In the manga, Piccolo compares Auta Magetta's great durability to immortality, due to the Metal Man being able to shrug off Super Saiyan Vegeta's strongest attacks - despite Vegeta being stronger than Magetta.
- In Dragon Ball FighterZ, Immortality is one of the wish options when summoning Shenron in battle. As a result various characters can wish for immortality even those who have no interest acquiring it in the main series such as Goku. In the game immortality causes the user and their teammates health to regenerate and their ki is always full. Additionally, certain characters will comment on acquiring immortality.
- In the Funimation dub of Dragon Ball Super, Future Zamasu's immortality is called Invincibility.