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Akira Toriyama with his pet cat, Koge (1987)

Crunchyroll's former logo (2016–2022, to be phased out)

Crunchyroll, LLC (previously known as Funimation Productions , Funimation Entertainment, and Funimation Global Group LLC, sometimes stylized as FUNimation and also known as Funimation Productions LLC[1]), is an American entertainment and dubbing company formed by Gen Fukunaga on May 9, 1994 to produce, merchandise and distribute anime and other entertainment properties in the United States and international markets. The company is headquartered and based in Flower Mound, Texas.

The company became a subsidiary of Navarre Corporation on May 11, 2005 only to be sold back to Fukunaga in April 2011. In 2018, 95% of the company was acquired by Sony Pictures which has since operating as a joint venture alongside with Aniplex. Funimation is expected to be absorbed into Crunchyroll, after acquiring the streaming service in 2021.


Funimation rose to prominence by acquiring the rights to Dragon Ball (licensed early to mid 1990s), Dragon Ball Z (licensed in the early to mid 1990s) and Dragon Ball GT (licensed between 2003–2004). By 1998, they were able to get widespread television exposure via Cartoon Network's Toonami block, and the Dragon Ball phenomenon quickly grew in the United States as it had elsewhere. (Two previous attempts by Funimation to release Dragon Ball to network television had previously been canceled, before the series and the company found success on Cartoon Network.) In the UK, Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z and Dragon Ball GT ran on a twined channel called Toonami, a channel that aired many anime shows as well as a few American cartoons.

From 1995 to 1998, all their Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z dubs used a different Canadian voice cast. The episodes and movies dubbed by Canada's Ocean Productions for Funimation are known as the Ocean dub. The episodes dubbed by Funimation's in-house talents are known as the Funimation dub.

Funimation was often criticized for their heavy localization of the series, which included censorship, arbitrary changes to character dialogue, replacing the soundtrack and name changes, although in more recent years they have stopped such practices.

Since 2022, Funimation is planned to be relaunched as Crunchyroll, a name of the streaming service that Sony acquired in August 2021. Crunchyroll itself was launched in 2006 as a pirate streaming service which has since become legitimate. It also operates the VRV streaming service. The Funimation name and branding is expected to be phased out.

Now licensed by Crunchyroll


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